ITREPORTER BOB MARTIN sound of chile roasting A SOUND.
AND SMELL, RECOGNIZED ACROSS NEW MEXICO.
WHETHER IT'S FROM HATCH — CHIMAYO — DIXON — VELARDE — OR OTHER PLACES.
WE LOVE OUR CHILE.
HOWEVER — THE STORY OF 'NEW MEXICO' CHILE MIGHT NEVER HAVE BEEN — WERE IT NOT FOR ONE MAN – FABIAN GARCIA.
MORE THAN A CENTURY AGO, WHEN NEW MEXICO WAS STILL A TERRITORYGARCIA WAS THE FIRST HORTICULURIST AT NEW MEXICO STATE UNIVERSITY IN LAS CRUCES He realized that only Hispanics were eating chile peppers.
They were only in backyard gardens.
so he was wondering, could I standardize this chile to make it something into an industrial size crop.
This is the chile pepper breeding greenhouse PAUL BOSLAND HAS FABIAN GARCIA'S JOB TODAY – BREEDING CHILE AT N-M-S-U.
HE SAYS CHILE'S JOURNEY HERE BEGAN IN SOUTH AMERICA – WHERE HUMAN CHILE CULTIVATION STARTED MORE THAN 10,000 YEARS AGO.
NO EVIDENCE HAS YET BEEN FOUND IN NEW MEXICO OF EARLY NATIVE USE HERE, HOWEVER When Columbus arrives in in 1492 the they have different chile's for different uses just like we do today.
USE OF CHILE FOR NEW MEXICO FAMILIES ARRIVED WITH SPANISH COLONISTS AROUND 16- HUNDRED.
FOR ALMOST 3 CENTURIES, CHILE USE WAS SMALL SCALE.
UNTIL N-M-S-U'S FABIAN GARCIAAND HIS DESIRE TO HELP FARMERS FIND A NEW CASH CROP.
HE STARTED WITH EXISTING VARIETIES AND BEGAN TO HYBRIDIZE And after about 10 years of selecting and choosing ones that would grow well, he picked one out called New Mexico number 9 and that was the very first New Mexican pod type.
CHILE BOOMED ACROSS SOUTHERN NEW MEXICO – INCLUDING HATCH.
VARIETIES WERE PERFECTED TO COPE WITH SHORTER GROWING SEASONS UP NORTH, HIGHER ELEVATIONS – AND TO OFFER DIFFERENT FLAVORS.
N-M-S- U'S ROY NAKAYAMA DEVELOPED A VARIETY CALLED BIG-JIM – THE WORLD'S LARGEST CHILE.
TODAY BOSLAND WORKS TO CREATE EVEN MORE FLAVORFUL DESIRABLE VARIETIES No chile variety is good forever.
We continue to have disease issues.
N-M-S-U IS ALSO HOME TO THE CHILE PEPPER INSTITUTE.
PROMOTING AND DISTRIBUTE NEW MEXICO CHILE SEED AROUND THE WORLD.
SOME OF THE MOST POPULAR IS ORNAMENTAL CHILE.
and we began to name them after the different holidays.
CHILE FOR EVERY SEASON.
BOB MARTIN — KRQE NEWS 13.