Keto diet versus Paleo diet are theythe same thing are they fads how are they differentwe're going to talk about all these principles so that you can decide ifit's something that you want to give a try and you can understand when and ifthat would be a good idea coming right up.
[Wellness For Life logo] So what is the Paleo diet it is a philosophy of how humans have eaten through the history of human existenceso the earliest humanoids came around about two million years ago the homoerectus and then homo sapiens the latest version of human came around a quartermillion years ago and most researchers in paleontology and and human evolutionthey agree that there is very very little difference between the DNA of thehomo sapiens a quarter million years ago and your DNA today.
so the idea then isthat whatever they ate would be the most appropriate type of food for us to eattoday and why might want to make that argument because if you have the sameDNA as they did the DNA codes for enzymes and enzymes are what you have inyour body there is some enzymes in food and you produce a lot of the rest inyour body that break down the food and different types of food requireddifferent types of enzymes you can't eat the same thing that a cow eats becauseyou don't have those enzymes you don't have those bacterial cultures.
so anenzyme is a catalyst it is something that fits into specific molecules andhelp us break down and metabolize that food so if your ancestors had a certainset of DNA to code for a certain type of enzymes then it would make a lot ofsense that you would be suitable for the sametype of food so that is the idea behind the Paleo diet.
so what would be okay toeat on the Paleo diet then well anything that they had access to such as meatfish poultry anything that they could pull out of the ocean anything that theycould catch and kill and eat would be alright they also probably had access tosome fruits and some vegetables at least seasonally they probably could catchpick find some eggs and they could also pick nuts and seeds that they found theycould dig up some roots some things that are called tubers similar to sweetpotato and potato early versions of those things so all of those thingswould be available to our ancestors and that the argument is that that's what weshould eat exclusively what they said no toocategorically is grain because your ancestors before ten thousand years agothey had no grain available to them they had no legumes they had no beans no cornwell corn is actually a grain but beans and green beans soy beans black beansetc peanuts all of those are legumes and your ancestors did not have access tothem and therefore we shouldn't eat them they also said that there was noorganized form of dairy we didn't farm animals we didn'tdomesticate animals until later so even if you could catch an occasional animaland get little dairy there was nothing regular about that potatoes are a moremodern thing and obviously they had no processed sugar no processed foods nofood additives they had no vegetable oils no seed oils no nut oils none ofthat so this because it wasn't available theprinciple of the Paleo diet says that you should cut this out 100% and it alsomakes a lot of sense when you look at what people develop the most allergiesto the absolute top allergies today are wheat soy and dairy and it's not justthe fact that it's those foods but it's how they've been processed and howthey've changed and how they've been refined so the Paleo diet also advocatesof course that we should eat it in its most original form so how does that thencompared to the keto diet well let's look at the breakdown of macronutrientsso they've done a lot of research on this and they looked at hundreds ofdifferent primitive populations and where they lived and their ancestors andand what they were likely to eat and so forth and they came up with the numbersthat our ancestors on average probably ate around 39 40 percent fat 38 40percent proteins are really really close and about 23% carbs so basically twiceas much calories from fat and protein as they did from carbs so it's in essence alow-carb diet it's not it doesn't have to be but because you cut out the grainsand legumes and the sugar in the processed food it sort of becomes a lowcarb but you could during certain times if you found a lot of fruit and a lot ofroots and things like that then it could develop into a more moderatecarbohydrate diet but then they say it also depended on where you lived so inthe north where it was colder fewer fruits a shorter growing season thenthey would rely less on carbohydrate probably as little as 10% and they wouldrely more on fishing so with fishing and hunting huntingseals and fat fish and things like that they would get probably a full 60percent of their from fat on the other hand if you livedin the tropics then you would have more fruits more vegetables longer seasonsand so forth so you might have actually 40% so you'd be a moderate almost a highcarbohydrate diet and again of course there would be no processed sugars orfood in that compared to the keto diet then the keto diet is pretty close towhat they would eat in the north so in a sense some versions of the Paleo dietwould actually be a keto diet but the keto diet as we've talked about beforeit's not a an idea it's a physiological principle it's about how do you cut thecarbs so low that your body gets into a state of ketosis so it's an observationit's it's changing your macronutrients to the point where your body startsburning fat so some advocates of the keto diet they say well as long as youcut the carbs down and get into ketosis it doesn't matter what you eat you couldeat processed foods you could don't have to eat vegetables etc etc and I don'tshare that point of view I think it still matters if you want to be healthylong term but as far as the strict keto principle then it doesn't matter becausewhen you're in ketosis you're in ketosis so it's a physiological principle it'sabout changing your lifestyle until something happens in your body to whereyou start burning fat and a byproduct of fat burning is ketones so when you canmeasure ketones in your body you have achieved the objective and you are inketosis and you are on a ketogenic diet regardless of what type of food you'reeating and again during certain times the Paleo diet would turn into the ketodiet if we look at it a little bit furtherand now we think about well we didn't have refrigerators and worldwide globalcommerce and distribution of food so there was a lot of variation from day today and between the seasons so our ancestors had certain periods offeasting and certain periods of famine and during the feasting they wereprobably low to moderate carbohydrate and when there wasn't so much foodaround then they were low carb or probably Kido for long periods of timeand when they didn't have food for a couple of days well guess what they werefasting intermittently so I have to laughanytime someone calls these things a fad diet because the definition of fad meansit's of short duration it's it's an idea someone gets excited about and a lot ofpeople try it and then it kind of fades away and nothing could be further fromthe truth because these things are not fads this is how humans have eaten foras long as we have existed every animal on the planet are in a feast or faminesituation because the food supply isn't constant so for certain times there wereall in in keto and intermittent fasting so there's nothing new about it it isthe way we're supposed to function humans do extremely well missing a fewmeals but we have no defense against six meals a day your body is not designed tocope with six meals a day and the results are disastrous for most peopleso we want to understand the differences that the Paleo diet is an historicalhypothesis it's an idea that let's eat the way that they did and the keto dietis a physiological principle it says eat low enough carbs cut thecarbs enough back that you get into a state of ketosis and sometimes they havetwo different origins the the the roots of why we do them are completelydifferent but sometimes they end up being the same thing because of thereasons that we talked about that because we cut out most of the high carbfoods it becomes a low carb diet and because there was sometimes feast andfamine then they sometimes became the keto diet but then some people they saythat oh well because I believe this is the way it is I'm going to turn it intomy religion so some people look at the Paleo diet and they say that ohabsolutely with no exceptions under nocircumstances should you ever have anything outside of that because it'sunnatural and I don't buy that all the way I think the Paleo idea is afantastic foundation and I base everything that I do on that I think ourphysiology has developed I think we need to look not only at the foods that weate but we need to look at the sleep cycles and our activity levels and a lotof different things how how we respond to stress that our whole stress responsesystem developed to give us survival advantage we were supposed to have afight flight response to run away from a bear and we had an all-out sympatheticfight flight response and then we found our safety in a cave or in a tree andthen our bodies could settle down so it was a lot of there was large differencesbetween the fight flight and the relaxation whereas today we are stressis very different so we're not living the way that our bodies were designedfor we have a lot of low-grade stress that keeps going hour after hour afterhour we sit in front of computers with deadlines we sit in traffic we havearguments we watch the new we listen to politics we have all theselittle things that set off stress responses and were not designed forthose type of things so I think this is a great foundationthe Paleo diet is a great place to start but I don't think that that isnecessarily a hundred percent the law just because of that I think a lot ofpeople do well on certain grains I think organic corn in moderationI think organic oats for some people I think brown rice in moderation if you'renot sensitive to it if you're not insulin resistance I think that can be areasonably good food for that person but if you are very insulin resistant thenall of these things are also going to trigger insulin at a much too high levelI think also based on testing and based on clinical results that dairy is okayfor most people but we have to look at the source of the dairy the quality ofthe dairy is this grass-fed and has it been pasteurized and the more we canfind it in its original form the more likely that it's good for you somethinglike skimmed pasteurized milk I wouldn't want for my worst enemy Ithink that's a horrendous food I based on our testing in our office we havenever found a person that agrees (test well) with pasteurized skim milk but we have themajority of people doing well on grass-fed butter and sour cream and rawcheese and things like that and by the same token some people turn the ketodiet into a religion and say that oh well I when I went into ketosis I feltthe best I ever had it changed my life so that must be thebest diet for me I'm gonna stick to that no matter what I don't care what I eatas long as I'm in ketosis I'll be fine that's because they were insulinresistant they were toxic with sugar and when they cut it outthey gave their body a chance to recover and find some sort of balance but itdoesn't mean that that is the optimal diet for them forever we need tounderstand where our origins are according to the Paleo principle we needto understand where low-carb and keto and low to moderate carb diets fit inbased on our health goals and our weight and our insulin resistance so I thinkeveryone should look hard at the Paleo diet to get a good foundation tounderstand where our roots are that those people ate a certain type of foodand that that food was always whole and unprocessed and I think that should be80 to 90% of the food for almost everybody then I think you need tounderstand where you are as far as insulin resistance blood sugar a 1c etcand where you need to be on the carbohydrate scale that if you're veryinsulin resistance then you probably need to do keto for a while probably anif not keto at least very low carb combined with intermittent fasting andexercise and stress modification behavior and so forth so it's what thischannel is all about it's learning these principles so that you can take the bestfrom each area and understand how it fits to you because there is noone-size-fits-all we have to start understanding what the modern world haschanged what it has done to us so that we can learn and change and try thingsthat will work for us if you enjoy this kind of content and you're new to thischannel make sure you subscribe and hit that notification bell so that you don'tmiss anything and as always share this content with asmany people as you can because that way you can helpthen live a better life as well thanks for watching.